“Maimonides, a Sephardic Jew who became one of the most prolific and influential Torah scholars of the Middle Ages, contended that there are gradations in the way that we express care for each other. He sought to capture them on a scale that describes eight forms of giving. Ranked lowest is a gift that is given grudgingly. As one translation puts it, the noblest (and highest ranked) of all forms of generosity occurs when one assists a poor fellow human being by providing that person with a gift, a loan, or an opportunity for a business partnership or by helping that person to find employment.”
Excerpted from The Liberating Promise of Philanthropy.