“The Northern antislavery movement had some of its deepest roots among members of the Society of Friends, or Quakers, in Philadelphia. One Quaker philanthropist, Anna T. Jeanes, in 1905 created a trust, the Negro Rural School Fund, to assist schools in Southern states. Administered by the General Education Board, the fund’s primary thrust was the employment of so-called Jeanes Supervisors, African American industrial supervision instructors who emphasized vocational education and school improvement. By 1910 there were 129 Jeanes Supervisors working as education circuit riders in 130 counties in 13 Southern states. They were teachers, to be sure, but they also functioned as experienced, strategic dynamos who were remarkably effective at assessing, inspiring, and leveraging community resources to raise education standards.”
Excerpted from The Liberating Promise of Philanthropy.